Fennel: anti-inflammatory and liver protection
Fennel (Foeniculum Vulgare) was studied by Zhang et al. Their results suggest that Fennel reduces liver inflammation response and prevents the hepatic fibrosis* progression. This is probably due to its antioxidant properties as suggested by the anti inflammatory results.
Zhang ZG, et al.
Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing Za Zhi. 2012 Mar;20(3):221-6.
Department of Infectious Diseases, the First Teaching Hospital of Xinjiang Medical University, Urumqi 830054, China.
Hepatic fibrosis is excessive wound healing in which excessive connective tissue builds up in the liver. The trigger is injury, especially if there is an inflammatory component. Fibrosis itself causes no symptoms but can lead to portal hypertension (the scarring distorts blood flow through the liver) or cirrhosis (the scarring results in disruption of normal hepatic architecture and liver dysfunction). Diagnosis is based on liver biopsy.