Anticancer Activity of Certain Herbs and Spices: Fennel
Selected plant species were evaluated by Berrington & Lall for their in vitro cytotoxicity against a model cancer cell line. The plants studied were Origanum vulgare L. (Oregano), Rosmarinus officinalis L. (Upright and ground cove rosemary), Lavandula spica L. (Lavender), Laurus nobilis L. (Bay leaf), Thymus vulgaris L. (Thyme), Lavandula x intermedia L. (Margaret Roberts Lavender), Petroselinum crispum Mill. (Curly leaved parsley), Foeniculum vulgare Mill. (Fennel), and Capsicum annuum L. (Paprika).
Antioxidant activity and radical scavenging capacity was also determined.
Only L. nobilis and O. vulgare exhibited pronounced effects on the cancer cell line. A cytotoxic mechanism of action for L. nobilis and O. vulgare was also postulated.